SciCombinator

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Multiple sclerosis (MS), a chronic, often disabling, nervous system disease, affects over 2.3 million people worldwide. This research examined the lived experiences of 46 community-dwelling adults with MS. We conducted five focus groups that covered topics such as diagnosis, decision-making regarding MS treatment, learning about and paying for assistance, and unmet needs. Focus group transcripts were qualitatively analyzed to identify overarching themes. Participants described how MS affects both current and future physical and financial security, how they often feel unheard or misunderstood by loved ones and healthcare providers, and how MS support organizations provide a vital collaborative and compassionate environment. Our findings reflect the importance of MS support organizations, and the incorporation of social workers in MS care teams, as they can foster communication and empathy between parties, provide psycho- social treatment, and link patients to needed services.

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Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has infected millions of people worlwide and caused a pandemic that is still ongoing. The virus can cause a disease named as COVID-19 which is composed of multi systemic manifestations with a pulmonary system predominance. As the time passes we are dealing more and more with the effects and complications of the disease in survivors which has shown a wide variety as far as concerns the clinical outcome and the timeline of symptoms in different patients. Since the lungs are the most involved organs and the post-COVID prolonged and persistent effects are mainly related to the pulmonary system it is crucial to define and predict the outcome and to determine the individuals that can progress to fibrosis and loss of function of lungs. This review summarizes the current literature regarding the pulmonary complications in post-COVID syndrome and the management of these conditions.

121

Complex regional pain syndrome is a rare, neuropathic disorder that affects fewer than 200,000 individuals in the United States annually. Current treatments often focus on pain management and fall short of relieving symptoms of pain and dystonia in patients.

20

Reconstruction of cheek skin defects is surgically challenging. We evaluated the outcomes of using cheek skin remaining in the scar area for treating donor site wounds following the repair of cheek skin defects using full-thickness skin. We conducted a retrospective case series study that included 12 patients with a scar of the cheek. The patients included seven females and five males. The donor site was treated using the cheek skin remaining in the scar area following repair of the cheek skin defect with a full-thickness skin graft from the inner side of the upper arm. Minor flap necrosis of the full-thickness skin graft in the cheek developed in one patient. The postoperative esthetic results were excellent and satisfactory in 11 and 1 patient, respectively. Patients were followed up for 18-32 months; no lagophthalmos or ectropion was noted. However, there were two cases of hyperpigmentation in cheek grafts, and two of graft hypertrophy in the arm. The facial skin remaining in the scar area can be used to treat donor site wounds following a full-thickness skin graft from the inner side of the upper arm to repair a large cheek skin defect.

20

Behçet syndrome (BS) is a multisystem vasculitis with variable vessel involvement that shows significant heterogeneity among patients in terms of clinical manifestations and disease course. Treatment choice and response are both influenced by this heterogeneity. BS treatments' main goals are to quickly suppress inflammatory exacerbations and prevent relapses in order to protect organ functions and provide good quality of life. Besides the long-term experience with steroids and traditional immunosuppressives, biologic drugs, especially TNF inhibitors, have gained increasing importance in the treatment of BS over the years. In this review, we aimed to give an overview of the studies with conventional and biological drugs with proven efficacy in the treatment of BS, as well as promising drugs and current management strategies according to clinical phenotypes.

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Stroke has been reported in observational series as a frequent complication of coronavirus disease 2019, but more information is needed regarding stroke prevalence and outcomes. We explored the prevalence and outcomes of acute stroke in an international cohort of patients with coronavirus disease 2019 who required ICU admission.

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Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) are collectively referred to as “venous thromboembolic events” (VTE). Despite advances in prophylaxis, diagnosis, and treatment, VTE remains a leading cause of cost, disability, and death in postoperative and hospitalized patients (1, 2). Beyond the acute sequelae of leg pain, edema, and respiratory distress, VTE may result in chronic conditions, including postthrombotic syndrome (3), venous insufficiency, and pulmonary hypertension. This Practice Bulletin has been revised to reflect updated literature on the prevention of VTE in patients undergoing gynecologic surgery and the current surgical thromboprophylaxis guidelines from the American College of Chest Physicians (4). Discussion of gynecologic surgery and chronic antithrombotic therapy is beyond the scope of this document.

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The neonatal risks of late-preterm and early-term births are well established, and the potential neonatal complications associated with elective delivery at less than 39 0/7 weeks of gestation are well described. However, there are a number of maternal, fetal, and placental complications in which either a late-preterm or early-term delivery is warranted. The timing of delivery in such cases must balance the maternal and newborn risks of late-preterm and early-term delivery with the risks associated with further continuation of pregnancy. Deferring delivery to the 39th week is not recommended if there is a medical or obstetric indication for earlier delivery. If there is a clear indication for a late-preterm or early-term delivery for either maternal or newborn benefit, then delivery should occur regardless of the results of lung maturity testing. Conversely, if delivery could be delayed safely in the context of an immature lung profile result, then no clear indication for a late-preterm or early-term delivery exists. Also, there remain several conditions for which data to guide delivery timing are not available. Some examples of these conditions include uterine dehiscence or chronic placental abruption. Delivery timing in these circumstances should be individualized and based on the current clinical situation.

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Vibrational energies are partitioned into the contributions of molecular parts called segments, for instance, residues in proteins. The fragment molecular orbital method is used to facilitate vibrational calculations of large systems at the DFTB and HF-3c levels. The vibrational analysis is combined with the partitioning of the electronic energy, yielding free-energy contributions of segments to the binding energy, pinpointing hot spots for drug discovery and other studies. The analysis is illustrated on two protein-ligand complexes in solution.

20

In March 2020, the World Health Organization declared a global pandemic of COVID-19, caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2); epidemic conditions continue in nearly all countries today. Although the symptoms and imaging manifestations of COVID-19 predominantly involve the respiratory system, it is fundamental to know the manifestations of the disease and its possible complications in other organs to help in diagnosis and orient the prognosis. To improve the diagnostic process without increasing the risk of contagion unnecessarily, it is crucial to know when extrathoracic imaging tests are indicated and which tests are best in each situation. This paper aims to provide answers to these questions. To this end, we describe and illustrate the extrathoracic imaging manifestations of COVID-19 in adults as well as the entire spectrum of imaging findings in children.